This is the full transcript of the first jumu’ah khutba in Hagia Sophia in 86 years delivered by Imam Ali Erbas, the head of Turkey’s Religious Affairs Directorate (Diyanet).
May the blessings and help of Allah and the peacefulness and divine abundance of Friday be upon you!
In this blessed hour, in this sacred place, we are witnessing a historic moment. Hagia Sophia Mosque is meeting with its congregation in the light of Eid al-Adha being casted upon us on this third day of one of the Hajj months of Dhu al-Hijjah. The longing of our nation, which has turned into a heartbreak, is coming to an end today. Endless thanks and praise be to Allah the Almighty!
Today is the day when the recitations of takbir, tahlil, and salawat echo again under Hagia Sophia’s domes, and the adhan and salat rise from its minarets. Today we are experiencing a day similar to when 16 muazzins echoed the sounds of Allahu Akbar all around from the 16 minaret balconies of the Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque), right across us, 70 years ago, and the reunion of our mosques with adhan after 18-year-long separation. Today is the day when believers stand for prayer in tears, bow down to ruku in peace, and go down for prostration in gratitude.
Today is the day of honour and humbleness. Endless thanks and praise be to Allah the Almighty who enabled us to have an honourable day like today, to gather in mosques as the most sacred places on earth, and to appear before Himself (swt) in this Great Hagia Sophia.
Salat and salam be to Prophet Muhammad (saw) who gave the good news about the conquest by saying: “One day Constantinople will be conquered. Great is the commander who will conquer it, and great are his soldiers!”
Salam be to the spiritual architect of Istanbul, who hit the roads to become the one who attains this glad tiding, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari in particular, the Companions of the Prophet, and those who followed their gracious footsteps.
Salam be to Sultan Alparslan, who opened the gates of Anatolia to our nation with the belief that conquest does not mean attacking but rendering prosperous, and means building rather than destroying; to our martyrs and veterans who have made it our homeland and entrusted it to us; and all sultans of the hearts who have remolded our geography with faith.
Salam be to Akshamsaddin, the wise scholar who embroidered the love of conquest in Sultan Mehmed’s heart and led the first Friday prayer in Hagia Sophia on June 1, 1453.
فَاِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللّٰهِۜ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّل۪ينَ
Salam be to that young and determined ruler Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmed – May Allah let him in Paradise), who was attached from heart to the verse “And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah. Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]”; a genius of history, literature, science, and arts; produced the most advanced technology of his era and had the ships move over land; conquered Istanbul with the permission and help of Allah; and then did not allow anybody to cause even the slightest harm to even a piece of pebble in this honourable city.
Salam be to the father of architecture, the great artist, Sinan the Architect, who refurbished Hagia Sophia with minarets and reinforced it so that it has survived for centuries.
Salam be to all our brothers and sisters in all corners of the world who have been longing for and celebrating with joy the reopening of Hagia Sophia to worship.
Salam be to our prominent people who have worked their hearts and souls out, from past to present, to ensure that Hagia Sophia meets its adhan, iqamat, wa’z, khutbah, prayers, recitations, scholarly activities, and great congregation having their places in the rows.
Salam be to our scholarly and intellectual people and prominent leaders full of wisdom and benevolence who describe Hagia Sophia as “our room of spirituality and jewelry in our own home” and instill hope and patience in hearts and minds by saying: “Hagia Sophia will be definitely reopened! Wait on, o young people, wait on! Let some more mercy rain down. A flood comes just after every rain. What more would I want other than be a string of straw in that flood’s flow! Hagia Sophia will be reopened, like a dear old book!” May Allah’s mercy be upon all of them!
Hagia Sophia, with its age being over fifteen centuries, is one of the most valuable places of worship, knowledge and wisdom in the history of humankind. This age-old place of worship is a magnificent expression of servitude and submission to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror endowed and entrusted this outstanding place of worship as the apple of his eye to believers on condition that it should remain a mosque until the last day. Any property that is endowed is inviolable in our belief and burns whoever touches it; the charter of the endower is indispensable and whoever infringes upon it is cursed. Therefore, from that day to the present, Hagia Sophia has been the sanctuary of not only our country but also of Prophet Muhammad’s ummah.
Hagia Sophia is the place from which the boundless mercy of Islam is once again declared to the whole world. Mehmed the Conqueror said to the people who took shelter in Hagia Sophia after the conquest and waited worriedly for what was going to happen to them: “From this moment on, do not be afraid for your freedom and life! The property of no person will be looted, no person will be oppressed, and no person will be punished because of their religion” and acted accordingly. It is for this reason that Hagia Sophia is the symbol of respect to belief and of the morality of coexistence.
The reopening of Hagia Sophia to worship is a requirement of loyalty to its historical accumulation. It is the return of a sacred place, which had embraced believers for five centuries, to its original function.
The reopening of Hagia Sophia to worship is the evidence that the Islamic civilization, the foundation of which is tawhid, the building block of which is knowledge, and the cement of which is virtue, continues to rise in spite of all drawbacks.
The reopening of Hagia Sophia to worship means that all sorrowful masjids, first and foremost the Masjid al-Aqsa, and oppressed believers on earth are able to get lifeline support.
The reopening of Hagia Sophia to worship is the determination of our noble nation, who holds the faith and love of the homeland above everything, to build a solid future with the spiritual power passed down from the ancestors.
Our mosques are the source of our unity, amity, brotherhood, faith and serenity in our civilization. The Almighty Allah (swt) states regarding those who build and maintain mosques and masjids: “The mosques of Allah are only to be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and establish prayer and give zakat and do not fear except Allah, for it is expected that those will be of the [rightly] guided.”
Dear Brothers and Sisters!
What could be more crestfallen than a mosque, the minarets of which are silent, the minbar of which is deserted, the dome of which is mute, and the garden of which is lonely? Due to the hostility to Islam that rises each passing day, there are mosques in various parts of the world today that are attacked, closed by force, and even bombed and destroyed. Hundreds of millions of Muslims are facing oppression.
I would like to show Mehmed the Conqueror’s this great attitude regarding Hagia Sophia five centuries ago as an example to the world and call on all humanity to say “Stop!” to such anti-Islamist discourses, actions, and any kind of oppressions.
Dear Brothers and Sisters!
We as believers who regard the meaning of Hagia Sophia as a lofty cause and sacred entrustment need to work to ensure that compassion, tolerance, peace, tranquility, and benevolence prevail all around the world.
This is the reason why the Prophet of Islam (saw) and other prophets were sent, which means peace, salvation and salam.
So, what we need to do is to work day and night to ensure that benevolence, rightfulness, and justice dominate the world. We need to be the hope for salvation of humanity that is in the swirl of great problems. We need to maintain justice in geographies surrounded by oppression, injustice, tears, and despair. We need to heed the call: “O Muslims! Understand, live by, and spread Islam so correctly and properly that whoever comes to kill you should spring to life because of you!”
We believe that “all people are either brothers and sisters in religion or equal in creation,” as expressed by Ali (ra). We believe that the earth is our shared home. We believe that all members of this home, regardless of religion, ethnicity, skin colour, or country, have the right to live freely and humanely in safety within the framework of universal values and moral principles.
Under the dome of Hagia Sophia, we call on all humanity to uphold justice, peace, compassion, and rightfulness. We call on to defending universal values and moral principles that protect human dignity and make us the most honourable creature. As a follower of the Final and True religion which declares that the life of each person regardless of gender and age is inviolable, we call on humanity to cooperate and collaborate in protecting the life, religion, reason, property, and generation of all people. This is because today we need more than ever to unite our hearts with our dispositions, our reason with our conscience, humans with humans, and humans with the nature.
As I conclude this historic khutbah, I would like to make a call to the entire world from this honorable place:
The doors of Hagia Sophia Mosque will be open to all servants of Allah without any discrimination just like the doors of Suleymaniye Mosque, Selimiye Mosque, Sultan Ahmed Mosque and other mosques of ours. The journey to faith, worship, history, and contemplation in the spiritual atmosphere of Hagia Sophia Mosque will continue uninterruptedly Insha Allah.
May Allah the Almighty enable us to duly serve Hagia Sophia Mosque that has a special place in our glorious history and an exceptional value in our hearts. May Allah (swt) bless us with the honour of properly respecting a mosque like Hagia Sophia that is magnificent cap-a-pie. May Allah (swt) regard particularly His Excellency and all authorities who made efforts in the protection of our culture and identity, and all people praying for and sharing our happiness today, as those people whom He (swt) loves and with whom He (swt) is pleased.
Source: TRT World